Socialism


Socialism
   The Socialists were organized as a political party in 1878. The Sociaal Democratische Vereeniging (Social Democratic Association) and its successor the Sociaal Democratische Bond (SDB, Social Democratic Union) developed under the leadership of Hendrik Gerhard (1829–1886) and Ferdinand Domela Nieuwen huisinto an anarchistic, antiparliamentarian movement. In 1894, the moderate wing, under Pieter Jelles Troelstra, founded a successful independent political party, the Sociaal Democratische Arbeiders partij (SDAP, Social Democratic Worker’s Party). It won two seats (out of 100) in Parliament during the elections of 1897, a number that increased to 15 in 1913. After the introduction of universal suf frage in 1917, the Socialists won 22 to 24 seats. The Socialists did not accept responsibility in the national government until 1939. Af ter World WarII, the reformed Partij van de Arbeid(PvdA, Labor Party), under the leadership of Willem Drees, won between 29 (out of 100) and 53 (out of 150 after 1956) seats in Parliament, with its peak in 1977. Since then, the electoral success of the Social Demo crats has fluctuated, usually in favor of less ideologically inspired parties and of the Dutch GroenLinks (GL, Green Left) and the So cialistische Partij (SP, Socialist Party). Many national and foreign archivesof left-wing institutions and persons are kept in the Interna tionaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis (IISG, International Insti tute of Social History), founded in 1935 in Amsterdam.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Socialism — socialism …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Socialism — • A system of social and economic organization that would substitute state monopoly for private ownership of the sources of production and means of distribution Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Socialism     Socialism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • socialism — SOCIALÍSM s.n. 1. Ansamblul doctrinelor social politice care urmăresc reformarea (reforma) societăţilor umane prin desfiinţarea proprietăţii private asupra mijloacelor de producţie şi de schimb şi punerea acestora sub controlul statului. ♦… …   Dicționar Român

  • Socialism — So cial*ism, n. [Cf. F. socialisme.] A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of society, with a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor. In popular usage, the term is often employed to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • socialism — so‧cial‧is‧m [ˈsəʊʆl ɪzm ǁ ˈsoʊ ] noun [uncountable] ECONOMICS a system of political beliefs and principles whose main aims are that everyone should have an equal opportunity to share wealth and that industries should be owned by the government …   Financial and business terms

  • socialism — An economic and social theory that seeks to maximize wealth and opportunity for all people through public ownership and control of industries and social services. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. socialism …   Law dictionary

  • socialism — 1832, from Fr. socialisme or from SOCIAL (Cf. social) + ISM (Cf. ism). Cf. SOCIALIST (Cf. socialist). Apparently first in reference to Robert Owen s communes. Pierre Leroux (1797 1871), idealistic social reformer and Saint Simonian publicist,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • socialism — [n] socialist government Bolshevism, collective ownership, collectivism, communism, Fabianism, Leninism, Maoism, Marxism, state ownerhsip; concept 301 …   New thesaurus

  • socialism — ► NOUN ▪ a political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. DERIVATIVES socialist noun & adjective socialistic… …   English terms dictionary

  • socialism — [sō′shəl iz΄əm] n. 1. any of various theories or systems of the ownership and operation of the means of production and distribution by society or the community rather than by private individuals, with all members of society or the community… …   English World dictionary

  • Socialism — This article is about socialism as an economic system and political philosophy. For socialism as a specific stage of socioeconomic development in Marxist theory, see Socialism (Marxism) …   Wikipedia